Citing sources and Copyright
Copyright is a law we all have to follow in order to respect others’ rights. Giving credit to the author is a must nowadays. Following all the copyright guidelines and rules may sound like a tremendous amount of work, or like a very strong limiting factor. Fortunately, thanks to the development of technology, life of our students became a little bit easier. Citing resources has changed as well, thanks to online citation generators such as MyBib, EasyBib. They allow students to generate a citation easily just by copying and pasting the URL address or ISBN code (for books) of the chosen resources in order to get all necessary details for the citation in the correct order. Remembering my days at schools and university… this process wasn’t that easy back then 🙂
In my opinion, teacher, as a role model for students, should show an example of fair use attitude. Unfortunately, teachers still need reminders about watermarked picture use in their presentations, posters, etc. I find the pictograph by Langwithes an amazing step by step guide which helps you follow the copyright as well as provide a basic understanding of all types of copyright existing in the ocean of the internet. This tool could be really helpful to all teachers, who aren’t sure about the fair use of digital content. One more great visual (learning from visuals is exciting!) by The Visual Learning Guy displays copyright, fair use, creative commons, and public domain all in one graph. If you can wrap your head around those four concepts, image copyright won’t seem so scary. Curtis Newbold, March 24, 2016.
I Love Unsplash, Piqsels, Pixabay, and Creative Commons. Also, I use filters in Google Search. Unfortunately, sometimes it is not easy to find a picture matching your needs exactly. After attending a workshop led by Keri Lee Beasley I came up with an idea, that students could create their own images and their collections. At the workshop, Keri taught some simple photography concepts and basic rules that could help make a good picture. I also found similar tips here – Depositphotos.
We love taking pictures and we are doing it every day and everywhere with our powerful smartphones. Why don’t we learn a few simple rules and apply them every time we are taking a picture and collect them in great collections. For example, my COETAIL blog header picture is a creation of mine and I’m very happy that I can use it without any permission.

Remix and Participatory Cultures
Remixing culture is very common in education. We are learning from the best authors, artists, singers, composers, educators, business managers, personalities and explore their best works as examples. Remixing culture is inevitable from education in many cases.

Image from Piqsels

Furthermore, I would like to share an example of remix culture from my country – Lithuania. Jolita Vaitkutė is a young Lithuanian artist recreating portraits of famous people as well as artworks by using food, books, recycling materials, pencils, etc. and shares it all online.
Recently, with all of the COVID-19 situation, staying at home became a mission impossible for some people. Fortunately, some cultural institutions, such as theater, opera, music halls, ballets, etc., have started various initiatives that perfectly meet the remixing culture description. For example, museums have encouraged people to recreate iconic paintings using any household items they have by their hand. Read more about it from Bored Panda. By recreating all those paintings people could also broaden their knowledge about the art. I believe, all this situation made many of us, young and old, move towards the participatory culture. According to Henry Jenkins, it is a culture with relatively low barriers to artistic expression and civic engagement, strong support for creating and sharing one’s creations. All this world crisis made us start thinking differently.

Forms of participatory culture include:
Affiliations— memberships, formal and informal, in online communities centered around various forms of media, such as Friendster, Facebook, message boards, metagaming, game clans, or MySpace).
Expressions— producing new creative forms, such as digital sampling, skinning and modding, fan videomaking, fan fiction writing, zines, mash-ups).
Collaborative Problem-solving— working together in teams, formal and informal, to complete tasks and develop new knowledge (such as through Wikipedia, alternative reality gaming, spoiling).
Circulations — Shaping the flow of media (such as podcasting, blogging

Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture (John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation)


“Back To Basics: 10 Composition Rules In Photography.” Depositphotos Blog, 7 Dec. 2016, Accessed 16 Apr. 2020.

“Copyright Flowchart: Can I Use It? Yes? No? If This… Then….” Silvia Tolisano- Langwitches Blog, 10 June 2014, Accessed 16 Apr. 2020.

Newbold, Curtis. “You Can Use a Picture If: Guidelines for Image Copyrights.” The Visual Communication Guy: Designing Information to Engage, Educate, and Inspire People, 24 Mar. 2016, Accessed 16 Apr. 2020.

Pat Tamarin Pat Tamarin, et al. “Museums Ask People To Recreate Famous Paintings With Anything They Can Find At Home, Get 35 Hilarious Pics.” Bored Panda, 18 Dec. 1969, Accessed 16 Apr. 2020.

Wikipedia Contributors. “Remix Culture.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 31 Oct. 2019, Accessed 16 Apr. 2020.